Introduction To ISO 27002 (ISO27002)
The ISO 27002 standard was originally published as a rename of the existing ISO 17799 standard, a code of practice for information security. It basically outlines hundreds of potential controls and control mechanisms, which may be implemented, in theory, subject to the guidance provided within ISO 27001.
The standard "established guidelines and general principles for initiating, implementing, maintaining, and improving information security management within an organization". The actual controls listed in the standard are intended to address the specific requirements identified via a formal risk assessment. The standard is also intended to provide a guide for the development of "organizational security standards and effective security management practices and to help build confidence in inter-organizational activities".
The basis of the standard was originally a document published by the UK government, which became a standard 'proper' in 1995, when it was re-published by BSI as BS7799. In 2000 it was again re-published, this time by ISO ,as ISO 17799. A new version of this appeared in 2005, along with a new publication, ISO 27001. These two documents are intended to be used together, with one complimenting the other.
In 2013 the current version was published. ISO 27002:2013 contains 114 controls, as opposed to the 133 documented within the 2005 version. However for additional granularity, these are presented in fourteen sections, rather than the original eleven.
Finally, it should be noted that over the years a number of industry specific versions of ISO 27002 have been developed, or are under development, (for example: health sector, manufacturing, and so on).
THE CONTENTS OF ISO 27002:2013The content sections are:
- Security Policy
- Organization of Information Security
- Human Resources Security
- Asset Management
- Access Control
- Physical And Environmental Security
- Operations security
- Communications Security
- Information Systems Acquisition, Development, Maintenance
- Supplier Relationships
- Information Security Incident management
- Information Security Aspects of Business Continuity